Although Georgian architects had produced a version of the mirrored terrace entry it is a standard characteristic of the Victorian terrace. In Rasmussen’s words, the ‘average house’ around this period (c.1850s-1890s) is based on this model. In addition to the mirrored arrangement of the front doors, which links neighbouring residents entry sequences, the small front gardens are an important buffer to the street. This threshold, however, is more compressed than in the Georgian model. The near universal absence of an sunken area makes for a more immediate connection to the pavement and ground. As with the Georgian terrace, the Victorian terrace came in a wide range of variations.
Note on chronological placement: As with any ubiquitous type it is difficult to locate the first appearance of this model. The Lloyd Baker Estate puts into place many of the specific elements of this type and so prefigures it to some extent. However, the architectural resolution of the Lloyd Baker Estate (the ambiguous play of the house-form) makes it a distinct type. Like the Georgian terrace individual instances are, in a way, more significant than the generic type. The related types, Stockbridge, Shaftsbury, Manor Grove, as well as Noel Park, propose significant shifts in the way inhabitants are able to produce personal identities through the act of arrival as well as in the ways in which the architecture produces various identities of ‘home’.
- street (city) ⇒ gate (threshold) ⇒ path (garden or area) ⇒ niche (threshold) ⇒ door
- Top image from London, The Unique City, Steen Eiler Rasmussen, Pelican, 1960.
- Street View images courtesy of Google Maps.
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